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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 33(6); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(6):28-34.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.6.028    Published online December 31, 2019.
유도등 설치유형 및 피난구 출입문 개폐방향에 따른 재실자의 피난경로 선택패턴분석
정종진
한국소방산업기술원 소방기술연구소 책임연구원
Analysis of Evacuation Route Selection Pattern of Occupant according to Installation Type of Exit Light and Opening/Closing Direction of Door
Jong-Jin Jung
Researcher, Fire Technology Lab, Korea Fire Institute
Correspondence:  Jong-Jin Jung, Tel: +82-31-289-2950, Fax: +82-31-287-1067, 
Email: samjjung@daum.net
Received: 1 November 2019   • Revised: 19 November 2019   • Accepted: 19 November 2019
요약
본 연구는 공간의 형태와 출입문의 개폐방향, 유도등 픽토그램의 형상에 따라 재실자(피실험자)들의 경로선택에 어떤 영향을 미치는지를 살펴보기 위한 것으로 컴퓨터 가상현실을 활용한 시뮬레이션 실험을 통해 수행하였다. T형 복도와 +형 복도를 대상으로 하여 시나리오별로 피난구유도등, 복도통로유도등을 배치하고 이를 컴퓨터 그래픽화하여 시뮬레이션을 수행하였다. 피난구유도등 픽토그램의 2가지 방향(좌, 우)에 대한 인간 행동의 반응(응답)과 출입구의 열리는 방향에 따른 영향 등을 분석하였다. 또한 통로유도등의 존재 유무에 따른 의사결정의 변화 등을 확인하였다. 실험결과, 방향선택 응답률을 살펴보면 첫째, T자형 복도에서 출입문에 유도등이 없을 경우, 출입문이 열리는 방향에 의해 영향을 받음을 알 수 있었다. 둘째, 출입문 상단에 유도등이 있을 경우에는 유도등 픽토그램의 방향과 일치하는 방향의 응답률이 높게 나타나 유도등의 픽토그램의 방향이 재실자의 피난경로선택에 영향을 미침을 확인하였다.
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of occupant’s path selection on the shape of the pictogram and the opening/closing of the door. This study was carried out through a simulation experiment using computer virtual reality. Exit light pictogram for exit door and exit light pictogram for passage were arranged for each scenario in type T corridor and type + corridor. The computer graphic was used to carry out the simulation. In addition, we analyzed the response of human behavior according to the two directions (left and right) of exit light pictogram for exit door and the effect of opening direction of doorway. In addition, the change of decision-making according to the presence or absence of exit light pictogram for passage was confirmed. The results of the direction selection response were as follows. First, in the case of the T-shaped corridor, if the exit light was not installed on the door, it was influenced by the opening direction of the door. Second, when the exit light is attached to the door, the selectivity in the direction that matches the exit light pictogram direction is high. As a result, it was confirmed that the pictogram direction of the exit light influenced the evacuation route selection of the occupants.
Key Words: Exit light pictogram, Directionality, Evacuation route
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