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Fire Sci. Eng. > Volume 33(6); 2019 > Article
Fire Science and Engineering 2019;33(6):186-189.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.7731/KIFSE.2019.33.6.186    Published online December 31, 2019.
초음파를 이용한 비상방송시스템에 관한 연구
백동현
가천대학교 설비소방공학과 교수
Study on the Emergency Broadcasting System Using Ultrasonic Waves
Dong-Hyun Baek
Professor, Dept. of Fire Protection Engineering, Gachon Univ.
Correspondence:  Dong-Hyun Baek, Tel: +82-31-750-5712, Fax: +82-31-750-8749, 
Email: bulbaek@hanmail.net
Received: 23 November 2019   • Revised: 12 December 2019   • Accepted: 23 December 2019
요약
NFSC202에는 화재로 인하여 하나의 층의 확성기 또는 배선이 단락되어도 다른 층의 화재 통보에 지장이 없도록 규정하고 있다. 이를 위해 Analog digital converter (ADC), High pass filter (HPF), Low pass filter (LPF)로 구성된 초음파송수신장치를 제작하였으며 시험을 통해 해당 장치가 증폭기출력, 확성기용량, 음량레벨의 변동에 관계없이 동작함을 확인하였다. 또한 기준주파수 110 kHz(-12 dB)를 송신하는 경우 단락시 –12dB∼–18 dB, 정상인 경우–24 dB∼–66 dB , 단선시에는 –66 dB을 초과하는 경우와 수신데이터가 없는 경우의 설정된 값을 만족하였다. 따라서 NFSC202 규정에 적정한 시스템임을 확인하였으며 본 시스템을 적용할 경우 점검기준이나 시험기준이 수정 또는 개정되어야 한다.
Abstract
NFSC 202 stipulates that if a loudspeaker or wiring on one floor of a building is shorted because of fire, it should not interfere with the fire notification on the other floors. To address this problem, this study proposes an ultrasonic transmitter/receiver consisting of an ADC, HPF, and LPF in an emergency broadcasting system that can operate regardless of the volume level of the amplifier output loudspeaker capacity. After transmitting the transmission frequency at -12 dB (110 kHz), it is received at -18 dB by transmitting -12 dB in case of short circuit depending on the frequency characteristics. Typically, depending on the loudspeaker capacity, it is received from -24 dB to -66 dB. In case of disconnection, it exceeds -66 dB and no data are received. It is also possible to check the track status during fire or general broadcasting. Thus, it was confirmed that the system is suitable for NFSC 202 regulations. Furthermore, as the current system is replaced, the inspection or test criteria should be amended or revised.
Key Words: Ultrasonic wave, Emergency broadcast system, Transmission, Received transmission


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